Citizen Media Watch

november 27th, 2020

A Series Of Agreements On European Security

Posted by lotta

3. A party to the treaty does not authorize the use of its territory and does not use the territory of another party for the purpose of preparing or executing an armed attack against another party or party contracting the treaty or for any other act that significantly affects the security of another party or contracting party to the treaty. 2. Without prejudice to Article 8 of the Treaty, each contracting party has the power to consider an armed attack against any other contracting party as an armed attack on itself. In exercising its right of self-defence under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, it is authorized to provide the impugned party, subject to its agreement, with the necessary assistance, including military assistance, until the UNITED Nations Security Council has taken the necessary steps to maintain international peace and security. Information on the actions taken by the parties in the name of their right to self-defence is immediately communicated to the UN Security Council. When the Soviet Union collapsed, most of its successor states viewed the participation of the CSCE with the accession of the United Nations (UN) as a confirmation of their independence and sought it zealously. Russia, however, believed for a short time that the CSCE could be a little more: an organization that could succeed NATO to become the forum for all security issues in Europe. In this scenario, Russia could have a greater right of review and perhaps even a veto, since the CSCE acted by mutual agreement.7 But this hope was dashed by the realities of German reunification that prevailed among the British, French, Polish and other leaders. They remembered the saying of Lord Ismay, NATO`s first secretary general – that NATO existed ”to keep the Russians out, the Americans and the Germans down” – and they wanted the United States to continue to defend NATO to ensure the good intentions of a newly enlarged Germany. NATO`s sustainability eventually led to a Russian narrative that accused the United States of sacrificing the potential of the CSCE for true European harmony on the altar of old-fashioned Cold War thinking8. by ending NATO enlargement – their interest in conventional arms control has diminished. In November 2004, Russia announced in the Joint Advisory Group that its troop withdrawals from Moldova and Georgia had been completed (although Western countries indicated that Russian troops remained on both sides).

In December 2007, Russia announced that it was suspending compliance with the CFE.

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