Citizen Media Watch

december 2nd, 2020

Agreement Signed Between India And China

Posted by lotta

In 2005, China and India signed the ”Strategic and Cooperative Partnership for Peace and Prosperity.” [54] However, there has been very little convergence, but no strategic convergence between the two countries. [55] The Memorandum of Understanding between NITI Aayog and the Development Research Centre was signed in Beijing on 23 October 2013. An English text of the agreement can be found in the Media Centre of the Indian MEA as well as in the UN Peace Database. According to Ankit Panda of The Diplomat, the 10-article agreement lists several mechanisms to reduce misunderstandings and improve communication between the two countries along their controversial border. Article VI expressly prohibits one party from actively tracking or following another party`s patrols. Articles VI, VII and VIII explicitly describe dispute resolution procedures in ”areas where there is no common understanding of the effective line of control.” Although the exact details of the collision of 15 Some experts have drawn attention to a number of factors, including the two parties who cite violations of existing agreements, military rearmament and infrastructure/road development near the LAC, and the revocation of the autonomous status of Jammu-Kachmir by the Indian government, which led to the creation of the Lakhda Union Empire, as a contribution to the current impasse. Senior Indian and Chinese military commanders are currently in their fourth round of talks to ”negotiate the next stage of withdrawal between the two armies along the Effective Line of Control (LAC) ” in order to ”reduce tensions along the disputed border.” Special Representatives (SR) also held diplomatic discussions and negotiations on the border issue established in 2003 and on the India-China Border Work and Coordination Mechanism (WMCC) established in 2012. The dialogue at the highest level continued with the visit of the Prime Minister of the People`s Republic of China, Li Peng, to India in December 1991, and the visit to China of Indian President R. Venkataraman in May 1992. Between December 1988 and June 1993, six roundtables were organized by the Joint Indo-China Working Group on the Issue of Borders.

Progress has also been made in easing tensions at the border, through reciprocal troop reductions, regular meetings of local military commanders and prior notifications of military exercises. In July 1992, Sharad Pawar visited Beijing, India`s Prime Minister of Defense. The consulates in Bombay (Mumbai) and Shanghai were reopened in December 1992. Lake-Standoff Border actions violate bilateral agreements, Rajnath Singh recounts China On May 10, 2020, Chinese and Indian troops clashed with Nathu La, Sikkim, and 11 wounded soldiers. [121] [122] [123] After the skirmishes in Sikkim, tensions between the two Ladakh countries escalated with the formation of troops in several places. [124] On the night of 15-16 June, 20 Indian soldiers and an unknown number of PLA soldiers were killed. [125] China has reinforced its troops near the Indian border with Tibet, Chinese media reported. [126] Bilateral agreements between India and China prevent the use of weapons along the effective line of control; But these skirmishes saw the first shots fired, warning shots fired in decades.

[127] [128] In May 2018, the two countries agreed to coordinate their development programmes in Afghanistan in the areas of health, education and food security. [117] In 2019, India reaffirmed that it would not join the Chinese Belt and Road initiative and stated that it could not accept a project that ignored concerns about its territorial integrity. [118] On October 11, 2019, President Xi Jinping met with Prime Minister Narendra Modi for a second informal meeting between India and China in Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu, India. [119] Modi and Xi Jinping met 18 times between 2014 and 2019. [120] In June 2012, China declared that ”Sino-Indian relations” could be the ”most important bilateral partnership of the century.” [147] This month, Wen Jiabao, the Chinese Prime Minister, and Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India,

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