Citizen Media Watch

april 11th, 2021

New Nafta Agreement

Posted by lotta

The negotiations focused ”primarily on car exports, tariffs on steel and aluminum, as well as the milk, egg and poultry markets.” A provision ”prevents any party from enacting laws that restrict the cross-border flow of data.” [11] Compared to NAFTA, the USMCA increases environmental and labour standards and encourages domestic production of cars and trucks. [12] The agreement also provides up-to-date intellectual property protection, gives the U.S. more access to the Canadian milk market, imposes a quota for Canadian and Mexican auto production, and increases the customs limit for Canadians who purchase U.S. products online from $20 to $150. [13] The full list of differences between USMCA and ALEFTA is listed on the Website of the United States Trade Representative (USTR). [14] On December 10, 2019, the three countries reached a revised USMCA agreement. On January 29, 2020, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs Chrystia Freeland introduced the USMCA C-4 Transposition Act in the House of Commons[93] and passed the first reading without a registered vote. On February 6, the bill passed second reading in the House of Commons by 275 votes to 28, with the Bloc Québécois voting against and all other parties voting in its favour, and it was referred to the Standing Committee on International Trade. [99] [100] [101] On 27 February 2020, the committee voted to send the bill to Parliament for third reading, without amendments. Forward? Hopes for Canada`s Next Trade Agreement Existing ISDS rules are now being challenged at the international level. We must ensure that other trade agreements negotiated by our government do not contain isED provisions. We should copy the processes of other countries.

From the outset, the EU and the US have much more public and parliamentary participation in the trade negotiations of the agreement. In these countries, processes – by law and design – are more open. Negotiating objectives are debated in parliaments and committees, public consultations are mandatory and economic analysis is part of the process. The system can no longer be used in disputes between the United States and Canada and is limited to disagreements between Mexico and the United States over a limited range of industries, including petrochemicals, telecommunications, infrastructure and power generation.



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