Citizen Media Watch

december 20th, 2020

What Agreements Were Made As A Result Of The Cuban Crisis

Posted by lotta

After taking power in the Caribbean island state of Cuba in 1959, the leader of the leftist revolution Fidel Castro (1926-2016) joined the Soviet Union. Under Castro, Cuba became dependent on the Soviets for military and economic aid. During this period, the United States and the Soviets (and their respective allies) were involved in the Cold War (1945-1991), a long series of political and economic conflicts. When all offensive missiles and iliozine il-28 were withdrawn from Cuba, the blockade officially ended on November 20, 1962. The negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union highlighted the need for a fast, clear and direct line of communication between the two superpowers. The Moscow-Washington helpline has been set up. A series of agreements then reduced tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union for several years, until the two sides embarked on the construction of their nuclear arsenals. Admiral Anderson, Chief of Naval Operations, wrote a position paper that helped Kennedy distinguish between the so-called ”quarantine”[66] of offensive weapons and the blocking of all materials, stating that a conventional blockade was not the original intent. As it would take place in international waters, Kennedy obtained OAS authorization to carry out military actions under the hemispheric defence provisions of the Rio Treaty: at least four unforeseen events were armed and launched from Florida against Cuban airfields and suspected missile sites in 1963 and 1964, although all were redirected to pinecastle Range Complex after the planes crossed the island of Andros. [150] Critics, including Seymour Melman[151] and Seymour Hersh [152] have argued that the Cuban missile crisis favoured the use of military means by the United States, as did the case during the Vietnam War. In the afternoon, however, the crisis took a dramatic turn. ABC News correspondent John Scali told the White House that he had been approached by a Soviet agent who suggested that an agreement could be reached, in which the Soviets would withdraw their missiles from Cuba if the United States promised not to enter the island.

As White House employees tried to assess the validity of the ”Back Channel” offer, Khrushchev sent a message to Kennedy on the evening of October 26, meaning he was being sent in the middle of the night of Moscow time. It was a long and moving message that raised the spectre of the nuclear Holocaust and presented a resolution that, remarkably, resembled what Scali reported the day before. ”If there is no intention,” he said, ”to condemn the world to the catastrophe of thermonuclear war, let us not merely relax the forces that pull at the ends of the rope, but take steps to unleash that knot. We are ready to do that. In January 1962, U.S. Army General Edward Lansdale described plans to overthrow the Cuban government in a top secret report (partly downgraded in 1989) to Kennedy and officials involved in Operation Mongoose. [4] CIA agents or ”pathfinders” of the Special Activities Division should be infiltrated into Cuba to carry out sabotage and organization, including radio broadcasts. [6] In February 1962, the United States imposed an embargo on Cuba[7] and Lansdale presented a top secret 26-page calendar for the implementation of the Cuban government`s fall. , which imposes the guerrilla operations of Imaginust and September.

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