Citizen Media Watch

september 15th, 2021

Conscientious Agreement

Posted by lotta

Under the 2008 Act, persons who have performed their civil service in peacetime have the right to also serve in crisis situations. They may be summoned to various tasks in the emergency services or to other necessary non-military work. However, persons who declare themselves conscientious objectors only after the onset of a crisis must justify their conviction before a special commission. Prior to the new legislation, the right to conscientious objection was recognized only in peacetime. Changes in the time of service and the legal status of opponents in a crisis situation have been made in response to human rights concerns expressed by several international bodies[46][47] that monitor the implementation of human rights agreements. These organizations had called on Finland to take steps to improve its legislation on war objectors, which they considered discriminatory. None of these organizations raised concerns about the legislation in force. From 2000 to 2008, the Korean military administration reported that at least 4,958 men refused military service because of religious beliefs. Of these, 4,925 Jehovah`s Witnesses, 3 were Buddhists and the other 30 refused compulsory service for reasons of conscience other than religious.

[72] Since 1950, more than 16,000 Jehovah`s Witnesses have been sentenced to a total of 31,256 years for refusing military service. If no alternative services are offered, about 500 to 900 young men will continue to be on the list of war guard objectors criminalized in Korea each year. [73] Conscientious objection was not allowed in Francoist Spain. [78] Conscientious objectors generally refused to serve for religious reasons, such as for example. B Jehovah`s Witnesses, and were imprisoned for the duration of their sentences. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 recognized conscientious objectors [79] The Spanish Parliament set up a longer service (Prestación Social Sustitutoria) as an alternative to the army. Despite this, a strong movement appeared, refusing both services. The Red Cross was the only major organization that employed opponents. In this case, waiting lists for the PSS have been long, especially in regions like Navarre, where pacifism, Basque nationalism and low unemployment have prevented young men from leaving the army. Thousands of Insumisos (non-depositors) publicly rejected the PSS and hundreds were imprisoned.

In addition, some military personnel have decided to refuse other tasks. A number of people who are not responsible for military service have made self-exposure statements and said they encouraged the Insumisión. The government, which feared the reaction of the population, reduced the time of service and declared insumisos not prison sentences, but unfit for public service. Since 1986, conscientious objection associations in France have chosen to celebrate their cause on May 15. [49] Today, there is no bill; However, men must register for selective service at the age of eighteen. Declarants may be dismissed or dismissed by the armed forces as a result of conscientious objection. . .

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